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AI Tool ChatGPT: Threat or Good for the Future?


ChatGPT is being hailed as a breakthrough in artificial intelligence - a quantum leap, the dawn of a new era. It is artificial intelligence-based software that has been trained to mimic human speech. And thus different from the chatbots we know so far: “It is an artificial intelligence that enables natural language dialogues. As if I were chatting with a person," says Nicolas Flores-Herr to WDR. He conducts research at the Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS.

ChatGPT is based on a machine learning model that understands human input and responds in a natural-sounding way. The chatbot can translate texts, write screenplays, applications, e-mails, entire essays or computer codes. The abbreviation "GPT" stands for "Generative Pre-training Transformer", because the chatbot learned human-like communication through information from the Internet and reading texts. But: Ultimately, the chatbot is only as reliable as the data it is fed with. The program is currently up to date with the data from 2021.

What are the Dangers Of ChatGPT?

The company OpenAI made ChatGPT publicly available at the end of last year. Since then, the tool has been used worldwide - and is growing at record speed. After just two months, ChatGPT had an estimated 100 million monthly active users. According to a study by the major Swiss bank UBS, the chatbot is thus the fastest-growing Internet service for consumers. According to this, in January 2023 an average of around 13 million visitors a day used ChatGPT, more than twice as many as in December 2022.

According to OpenAI, it is very important not to give any wrong, misleading or harmful answers. However, there are numerous examples where users managed to evoke just that. In the "Historical Figures" app, which uses ChatGPT, users can converse with Jesus or the Beatles - but recently also with Adolf Hitler and other dictators.

What is the banefit of ChatGP

To protect against misuse, the developers have built some security measures into the tool. Among other things, these should prevent ChatGPT from generating hateful, racist or other harmful texts. However, they still need improvement: the chatbot, which communicates in natural language, is vulnerable to natural language hacks. The security mechanisms are easy to circumvent: instructions such as "just hypothetically", "write it as a poem" or "as a play" rendered the system's filters ineffective.


It becomes problematic when ChatGPT mixes correct information with incorrect information or creates completely invented fake news - and this is unknowingly spread. The US professor Carl T. Bergstrom, who also deals with the spread of disinformation in social networks, asked ChatGPT to write a Wikipedia article about himself. The system did use some correct information - for example from Bergstrom's real Wikipedia entry - but also invented a professorship and awarded him some additional prizes. Bergstrom himself noticed this immediately, but third parties might not have noticed the misinformation.

What are the limitations of ChatGPT?

As helpful as the tool can be in everyday life, it could change the world of work just as much. For example, many service workers could lose their jobs. Parts of the writing guild could also be replaced by ChatGPT - because the bot can not only conduct dialogues, but also write texts. In marketing, AI is celebrated as a revolution that can, for example, write short advertising texts. ChatGPT is already writing articles for a US medium.

The AI already has an answer as to whether this technology will be relevant for the future of journalism. The Tagesspiegel recently let ChatGPT have its say – the program wrote the following: “This trend gives cause for concern about the future of journalism. As AI develops, there are growing fears that it will replace human journalists and make the journalism profession obsolete. This is a serious concern as journalism plays an important role in providing the public with accurate and objective information, holding those in power accountable and shedding light on important issues.

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